Noor Mahal: The Palace of Light in Bahawalpur - Pelican Properties Skip to main content

If you’re a history buff or have an interest in old and modern architecture, you need to add the once-princely state of Bahawalpur to your travel bucket list. This historic city is known for its magnificent and stunning palaces. Among them, Noor Mahal certainly stands out as the most impressive reminder of the opulence of the royal family of Bahawalpur.

Noor Mahal, which translates to “Palace of Light,” is a magnificent historical monument located in Bahawalpur. Built in the late 19th century, this architectural gem serves as a testament to the rich cultural heritage and the artistic brilliance of the region.

The Architecture of Noor Mahal

This Mahal was built in the middle of a large lush green garden, consisting of 32 rooms that cover an area of 44,600 sqft. Furthermore, it includes 14 in the basement, 6 verandas, and 5 domes. The history and biography of the Abbasi Family, together with pictures, were given on the walls of the palace.

In September 2001 by the Government of Pakistan’s Department of Archeology, the building was declared a “Protected Monument”. This beautiful building is one of the hidden gems of Bahawalpur. The construction style is inspired by Italians, the luxurious interior, colorful artwork displayed on the walls, and attractive exterior make this place a unique piece of historical architecture.

Noor Mahal DaytimeMr. Hennan, an English architect designed this beautiful palace. Most of the palace’s material used in the construction was imported from England and Italy. This place looks very beautiful at night with its bright lights. This palace has become a famous spot for trips and photoshoots in Bahawalpur. Noor Mahal was used as an official guest house until 1955. Now it is in the possession of the Pakistan army which now takes care of maintenance and everything inside Noor Mahal.

History of Noor Mahal

There are various stories about the construction of this Mahal but among all, the famous legend is that Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan IV built this Mahal in 1872 in honor of his beloved wife. They only stayed one night in this Mahal because of an adjoining graveyard from her balcony. According to some historians, the name of the palace was also attributed to Nawab’s beloved wife’s name.

The construction of Mahal started in 1872 and was completed in 1875 at a cost of 1.2 million. It was built with extreme hard work and care. The passion for constructing beautiful buildings Nawab Sadiq was known as the “Shah Jahan” of Bahawalpur. This palace later served as a guest house for noble families. Nawab Muhammad Behawal Khan added a mosque to the palace in 1906.

Cultural Heritage

Noor Mahal stands as a living testament to the rich cultural heritage of Bahawalpur, serving as a symbol of the region’s royal legacy. Over the years, the palace has witnessed significant historical events and hosted dignitaries and royalty from around the world. Today, it stands as a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from far and wide to marvel at its beauty.

Preservation & Tourism

In recent years, efforts have been made to preserve and promote the cultural heritage of Noor Mahal. Restoration projects have been undertaken to maintain the palace’s structural integrity. To conserve its intricate artwork for future generations to admire. Additionally, tourism initiatives have been launched to showcase the splendor of the palace and its role in shaping Bahawalpur’s history and identity.


According to an old tale, a property dispute took place among the heirs of the last ruler which led to the abandonment of Noor Mahal as well as several other buildings. The palace was locked under a judicial order but most of its artifacts were smuggled out. Its furniture, carpets, paintings, and crockery were sold by thieves almost all over the country.

On October 12, 1997, the army took over the possession of the palace and restored it. Later, it was used as an army club. The building is still in the army’s possession.


Noor Mahal stands as more than just a magnificent palace, it is a living testament to the grandeur. A treasure trove of architectural brilliance, and a symbol of cultural heritage. As it continues to enchant visitors with its timeless beauty and historical significance, Noor Mahal remains an enduring symbol of Bahawalpur’s rich legacy and royal heritage.